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Headache And it's types

                                Headache and it's types

Introduction


Headache is discomfort or pain around the head, face or neck area. A headache can happen because the nerves, muscles, or blood vessels throughout your face, scalp, or brain are irritated, inflamed, or not functioning properly.
The American College of Physicians reports that seven out of 10 people suffer from at least one headache a year. And 45 million Americans suffer from chronic headaches. Headaches vary greatly in severity, location of the pain, and duration. Because of the range of possible causes of headaches, a correct diagnosis is important.
Most headaches are not a cause for concern. But headaches due to a serious underlying disorder require urgent medical attention. Pay close attention when a headache is different than usual. Seek immediate medical care under these circumstances:
Excruciating headache or a headache that does not respond to typical treatment

Severe or sudden headache with a stiff neck, fever, convulsions, confusion, or pain in the eye or ear

Persistent headache in a person with no previous history of headaches

Recurring headaches in children are also cause for concern. A severe headache that wakes you in the night or develops on waking in the morning needs evaluation as well.

If there is any doubt, seek medical help as soon as possible.

What type of headache do you have?


Migraine headache: This type of massive pounding can last for four to 72 hours and often feel like a serious throbbing or one-sided pain. Some migraine sufferers also experience nausea and light/sound sensitivity. This can be hereditary and can cause eye damage. You might need a doctor for persistent migraines.

Sinus headache: If your sinuses become inflamed by infection from a cold or flu, it can be majorly annoying and painful. You can either get doctor-prescribed antibiotics or try an over-the-counter decongestant or antihistamine to treat sinus infections.

Tension headache:  These are the most common and feel like aching or pressure through the temples to the back of your head and neck. Although they are less severe than migraines, they can put a damper on your day.  Tension headaches can be treated with over-the-counter remedies, such as aspirin, ibuprofen or acetaminophen.  These types of headaches could be due to changes in brain chemicals or contraction of the neck.

Rebound headache: These headaches imply a frequent use of painkillers, alcohol or drugs that once taken out of the equation may bring on massive headaches.  Even common over-the-counter medications and prescriptions can cause these from the overstimulation of the brain. You have to wait for the withdrawals to subside.

Cluster headache: This is a headache often characterized by pain on one side of the head and may be in conjunction with watery eyes, runny noses and reoccurring headaches that affect one side of the face. Some think genetics have something to do with it and there is no cure, although certain medications can taper the frequency of occurrences.

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