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Different types of Hair loss and it’s Treatment

Problem of hair loss.

Hair is a substance formed of a protein called keratin. There are hair follicles in our scalp and body skin (except palms and soles) which produce hair cells. The hair grows because the old hair cells are pushed out by the frequently forming new hair cells. So the hair is formed by a line of dead keratin cells. Usually, a healthy human scalp has about 100,000 to 150,000 hairs. The average growth of hair is about ½ an inch a month.
Different types of Hair loss and it’s Treatment
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What Causes Hair Thinning & Loss In Men?

Many causes of hair loss and hair thinning are due to the interruption of the hair growth cycle, which has three phases – anagen (growth phase), catagen (follicle renewal) and telogen (resting). Hair normally sheds at the end of the telogen phase as a new hair pushes through, but a disrupted cycle could mean that hair sheds before new growth is fully ready1.
Heredity, underlying medical conditions, or environmental causes like stress and unhealthy lifestyle choices could all be reasons for hair thinning, and in some cases progressing to a partial loss of hair (e.g. a receding hairline) or even total loss of hair on the head.
Genetics is one of the main reasons for hair loss in men. If you have a family history of hair loss, it is possible that you will experience it too, and that fact holds true for both males and females. However, there are other reasons our hair thins or falls out, some of which we can control. Other causes include:

>Hormonal changes, especially increases in dihydrotestosterone (DHT), the male sex hormone.DHT affects the hair follicles, making them produce smaller and shorter in length, until shrinking completely and not producing any more hairs.2 Some hormonal changes may be age-related.
>Extreme dieting and malnutrition – hair grows from inside the body, so if the body is not supplying the correct nutrients hair growth may be substandard.
Medical and genetic conditions such as alopecia areata and male pattern baldness
Medications and treatment used for diseases like arthritis and heart problems, and radiation for cancer patients

>Environmental factors such as polluted air or water


>Damage to the hair follicles through excessive straining (as with certain hairstyles) or harsh chemical treatments

Types of hair loss.

There are a number of ways people can lose their hair. The most common types of hair loss are:

Involutional alopecia, a natural condition that causes the hair to gradually thin as you age. This causes a greater number of hair follicles to go into the resting (telogen) phase, while the remaining hairs become shorter and fewer in number.

Androgenic alopecia, a genetic hair loss condition that can affect both men and women.

Men can experience androgenic alopecia (also known as “male pattern baldness”) as early as their teens or early 20s. Men with this condition may notice a receding hairline and gradually thinning hair around the crown of the head and the front of the scalp.

Alternatively, women can experience “female pattern baldness” which typically shows no noticeable thinning until at least age 40. It’s common for women to begin losing hair across the entire scalp, most extensively at the crown.

Alopecia areata is most common in children and adolescents. This condition may cause you to experience sudden hair loss. It may result in patchy hair loss, complete baldness (alopecia totalis) or total body hair loss, including eyebrows and eyelashes (alopecia universalis). The large majority of people with alopecia areata regrow hair within a few years.

Trichotillomania, sometimes referred to as the hair pulling disorder, is a psychological, self-inflicted condition in which you repetitively pull out your own hair. This condition is most commonly diagnosed in children.

Telogen effluvium can be characterized as a temporary bout of thinning hair which occurs due to changes in the growth cycle of hair. When a large number of hairs enter the resting (telogen) hair growth phase at the same time, you can experience excess shedding and thinning.

Scarring alopecia is a type of alopecia that results in permanent hair loss. Inflammatory skin conditions – such as folliculitis, acne and other various skin disorders – often result in scar tissue that destroys the hair follicles and, thus, the ability of the hair to regrow.

Traction alopecia is a type of gradual hair loss that is caused by constant pulling or tension of the hair that can create inflammation and eventually scarring, which can prevent future hair growth.

Home remedies and treatment methods for Hair loss

Home remedies

√Oil massages, conditioning treatments
√Keep scalp clean
√If you have dandruff in scalp take treatment
√Use a medicated shampoo or lotion containing any of the following substances such as Selenium sulfide, ketoconazole, Zinc pyrithione or tea tree oil. These are available as OTC products.
√Read the instruction leaflet carefully and comply with the instructions regarding the frequency of application.
√May need to use for long periods to achieve control and keep scalp free from dandruff.
√If the shampoo does not work or if the scalp becomes irritated and red, seek help from a doctor. There are conditions like seborrheic dermatitis which mimic dandruff.



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