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Azithromycin:uses,side effects,Covid-19 and Azithromycin

What is azithromycin?

Azithromycin is used to treat many different types of infections caused by bacteria, such as respiratory infections, skin infections, ear infection, eye infections, and sexually transmitted diseases.

Azithromycin may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.

Azithromycin:uses,side effects,Covid-19 and Azithromycin
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Uses of Azithromycin:

Azithromycin is usually recommended to treat mild-to-moderate bacterial infections caused by vulnerable bacteria occurring on the skin, in the ears, in the lungs and some other Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs). This antibiotic can also be used purposely for the treatment and prevention of Mycobacterium Avium. Mycobacterium Avium is considered to be a type of respiratory infection in patients diagnosed with advanced HIV. The medicine can also be helpful along with other antibiotic drugs for the treatment of various bacterial infections. Azithromycin also actively works against a wide array of microorganisms and shows good infiltration into human tissue. Azithromycin tablets are used for the treatment related to bacterial infections in patients who are intolerant of penicillins. Other effective uses of Azithromycin tablets are:

  • Skin allergies: Medical specialists widely prescribed Azithromycin antibiotics for treating skin infections and the ones that may severely affect soft tissues in the patients. With the help of appropriate dosage, skin infections can be treated with the highest success rates. 
  • Community-acquired pneumonia: Azithromycin tablet plays an important role in the treatments related to pneumonia especially community-acquired pneumonia diseases. Symptoms of this condition may include cough, fever along with chills combined with breathlessness are treated efficiently with the use of Azithromycin tablets. 
  • Pharyngitis and Tonsilitis: Throat infections caused because of the bacteria are treated with the administration of Azithromycin medicine in prescribed medications. 
  • Bacterial Conjunctivitis: Azithromycin is useful in treating bacterial conjunctivitis or eye flu with the usage of its eye drops. This medication is useful in treating an eye infection at a significant success rate. The dosage needs to be confirmed with the physician to stop side effects of this antibiotic.
  • Acne Vulgaris: Acne Vulgaris is a condition which mostly affects adolescents. Along with certain other medicines, Azithromycin gel plays an important role in the successful cure of such skin-related disorders. The blackheads and scarring of the skin which are the common features of Acne Vulgaris are treated with the right dosage of this medication gel. You need to make sure that Azithromycin gel is safely applied to cure the skin condition.
  • Hearing aid: Ear infections such as Otitis Media are treated efficiently with tablets of Azithromycin. In this condition, there is a notable impact on the functioning of the middle ear. Therefore symptoms like ear pain with ringing effect in the ears are treated with the appropriate dosage.
  • Cat Scratch Disease: Cat Scratch Disease takes place when someone is affected by a bacterium called Bartonella henselae. This bacterium usually occurs due to a cat scratch or cat bite. Azithromycin tablet helps to reduce swelling of the lymph nodes, which takes place in patients after the bite of a cat.

Side Effects

  • Stomach upset, diarrhea/loose stools, nausea, vomiting, or abdominal pain may occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly.
  • Remember that your doctor has prescribed this medication because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects.
  • Tell your doctor right away if any of these unlikely but serious side effects occur: hearing changes (such as decreased hearing, deafness), eye problems (such as drooping eyelids, blurred vision), difficulty speaking/swallowing, muscle weakness, signs of liver problems (such as unusual tiredness, persistent nausea/vomiting, severe stomach/abdominal pain, yellowing eyes/skin, dark urine).
  • Get medical help right away if any of these rare but seriousfast/irregular heartbeat, severe dizziness, fainting.
  • This medication may rarely cause a severe intestinal condition (Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea) due to a resistant bacteria. This condition may occur during treatment or weeks to months after treatment has stopped. Do not use anti-diarrhea products or narcotic pain medications if you have any of the following symptoms because these products may make them worse. Tell your doctor right away if you develop: persistent diarrhea, abdominal or stomach pain/cramping, blood/mucus in your stool.
  • Use of this medication for prolonged or repeated periods may result in oral thrush or a new yeast infection. Contact your doctor if you notice white patches in your mouth, a change in vaginal discharge, or other new symptoms.
  • A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, get medical help right away if you notice any symptoms of a serious allergic reaction, including: fever that doesn't go away, new or worsening lymph node swelling, rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.
  • An allergic reaction to this medication may return even if you stop the drug. If you have an allergic reaction, continue to watch for any of the above symptoms for several days after your last dose.
  • This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.

Covid-19 and Azithromycin

  • Azithromycin alone and in combination with other medications is currently being studied for the treatment of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Currently, azithromycin has been used with hydroxychloroquine to treat certain patients with COVID-19. However, there are mixed reports of effectiveness when azithromycin was used along with other medications to treat other viral respiratory infections. Azithromycin also has been used to treat bacterial infections in hospitalized patients with COVID-19. More information is needed before any conclusions can be made regarding the possible benefits and risks of using azithromycin either alone or in combination with hydroxychloroquine in patients with COVID-19.

Azithromycin should be used ONLY under the direction of a doctor for the treatment of COVID-19.


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