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what level of creatinine indicates kidney failure?

Kidney and it's function


The kidneys are two reddish-brown bean-shaped organs found in vertebrates. They are located on the left and right in the retroperitoneal space, and in adult humans are about 12 centimetres (4+1⁄2 inches) in length.They receive blood from the paired renal arteries; blood exits into the paired renal veins. Each kidney is attached to a ureter, a tube that carries excreted urine to the bladder.
what level of creatinine indicates kidney failure?
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The kidney participates in the control of the volume of various body fluids, fluid osmolality, acid–base balance, various electrolyte concentrations, and removal of toxins.

Kidney Failure 


The main function of the kidneys is to eliminate excess fluid and waste material from the blood. When the kidneys lose this filtering ability, dangerous levels of fluid and waste accumulate in the body leading to a condition known as kidney or renal failure. This may be due to various factors including infections, autoimmune diseases, Diabetes Mellitus, hypertension and kidney stones. Kidney failure usually occurs in the late stages of the disease processes. Once kidney failure occurs, it requires immediate management and even then prognosis is often not satisfactory unless kidney transplantation is done.

What causes kidney failure?


Kidneys can become damaged from a physical injury or a disease like diabetes, high blood pressure, or other disorders. High blood pressure and diabetes are the two most common causes of kidney failure.

Kidney failure does not happen overnight. It is the end result of a gradual loss of kidney function. In fact, some people do not even know they have kidney disease until their kidneys fail. Why not? Because people with early kidney disease may not have any symptoms. Symptoms usually show up late in the progression of the disease.

What are the signs of end-of-life kidney failure?

Some of the most common end-of-life kidney failure signs include:

✓Water retention/swelling of legs and feet
✓Loss of appetite, nausea, and vomiting
✓Confusion
✓Shortness of breath
✓Insomnia and sleep issues
✓Itchiness, cramps, and muscle twitches
✓Passing very little or no urine
✓Drowsiness and fatigue

Level of creatinine indicates kidney failure


Creatinine is a waste product of the muscles. In a healthy body, the kidneys filter creatinine from the blood and excrete it through the urine. High levels of creatinine can indicate kidney issues.

According to the British Medical Journal, the usual reference range for serum creatinine is 60–110 micromoles per liter (mcmol/l), or 0.7–1.2 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dl), for males and 45–90 mcmol/l (0.5–1.0 mg/dl) for females.

If creatinine is above these levels, doctors may consider it high.

However, their decision will depend on someone’s muscle mass and certain other factors, such as age, sex, and hydration levels.

Source.

*https://www.crossroadshospice.com
*https://www.maxhealthcare.in
*https://www.kidney.org
*https://en.m.wikipedia.org
*https://www.medicalnewstoday.com


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